THE TALAANDIG ARE AN INDIGENOUS COMMUNITY IN THE PROVINCE OF BUKIDNON, IN NORTHERN MINDANAO, RESIDING PARTICULARLY IN THE MUNICIPALITIES SURROUNDING MT. KITANGLAD, THE ANCESTRAL DOMAIN OF THE TALAANDIG PEOPLE. Dulangdulang Mountain is the highest peak, at 2,938 meters above sea level, in the Mt. Kitanglad range. The Talaandig consider the Mt. Kitanglad range their "remaining marker" from which their history emanates. To the Talaandig, the Mt. Kitanglad range is also an important watershed from where many rivers flow.
The preservation and survival of the indigenous culture of the Talaandig is critically dependent on the forests and nature, and vice versa. When the local culture is disrupted, the natural environment is affected. Likewise, when the natural balance is disturbed, the indigenous culture undergoes adverse changes.
Today there are about 100,000 Talaandig settled in the Bukidnon uplands, many of them farmers. They plant corn, rice, root crops, abaca and banana, mainly for their own sustenance. They also raise chickens, pigs and other livestock. Pigs and chickens are slaughtered for religious purposes while large animals such as horses and carabaos are used for payment of debt and other financial obligations. The Talaandig people are skilled in blacksmithing, weaving, embroidery, hunting and